First Institute building is erected on seven acres at the east
end of the Lawrence campus in Appleton.
Nearing completion on E. South River Street, across from the
Alexander gymnasium of Lawrence college, is the new Institute
of Paper Chemistry building, being constructed and equipped
at a cost of $90,000. It will house the new pulp and paper
graduate school. The new institute which is affiliated with
Lawrence college, trains technical workers in the field of
paper chemistry and technology.
Work on the new building was started about May 1, and it is
expected the structure will be ready for formal dedication
on Sept. 23. It will house the classes of the new course at
the opening of school this fall. Twenty-five students are expected
to enroll. They will be tutored by a staff of five full time
professors and five part-time professors.
The building is the only one of its nature in the United States.
The work offered by the school also is unique, because it is
a venture in a new field. The experiment is being watched by
and has the endorsement of the leading manufactures in all
lines of the paper industry.
(The Appleton Post Cresent)
The Papermaker bookplate donated by Dard Hunter, became the
IPC logo. It originally appeared in the Book of Trades by
The first technical report issued by IPC was published in the
Paper Trade Journal and was titled, "Alkaline Pulping
Reactions of the Long Leaf Pine." It was written by
H.F. Lewis and E.R. Laughlin.
The Institute of Paper Chemistry formally opened, and President
Herbert Hoover sent his congratulations.
IPC developed cooperative research with Dupont and Celotex
to implement the clay and starch in paper manufacturing.
||J.C. Kimberly, who donated $100,000 to build a new library in the memory
of his father, J.A. Kimberly, laid the cornerstone of the library for
The IPC Membership Reserve Fund was established to set aside
a fraction of each company's dues for research.
Four degrees of doctor of philosophy
and one master of science (the first degrees ever granted
by the Institute) were conferred by IPC during the annual
(L to R)
H.W. Bialkowsky, E.R. Laughlin, R.L. Davis, and E.H. Voigtman
Equipment to accurately measure the brightness of all types
of paper has been developed by IPC.
Henry M. Writson, president of Lawrence College and secretary
of the Institute, described the four-year growth of IPC.
From a small institution located in a gymnasium with a single
professor, to a school with two buildings, a staff of 42
persons, and an annual budget that grew from $25,000 to $140,000.
Some of the world's finest equipment, laboratories, and a
complete research library have attracted support from hundreds
of the largest companies in the world.
IPC laboratory tests identify the first elucidation of gloss
measurements on paper products.
The Institute library issued publications each month to member
mills, offering them the opportunity to request and receive
additional information, charts, and data on matters in which
they were particularly interested.
||Sixteen first-year IPC students
started classes September 23rd by visiting a logging
camp to obtain first hand knowledge of logging operations,
measuring wood, studying the cost of wood from the stump
to the car, and general conservation policies.
Charles Herty developed the technology to use southern pine
(groundwood plus semibleached kraft) for newsprint.
A patent was issued to IPC for B. Rowland's "Prosize" research,
one of the earliest dispersed rosin sizes which increased sizing
efficiency by 100%.
Even as late as 1939, most U.S. papermakers were confident
that there would be no war in Europe. However, once war was
declared, there was "a rush of purchases" and hoarding.
The industry also experienced a pulp shortage because imports
from Scandinavia were blockaded.